Linen is made from the flax plants. The quality of linen fabric depends upon the quality of plant itself. Also the length of the flax fiber defines the quality and appearance of the linen fabric. Fabric that is made from long flax fibers is generally very smooth and the one made from short flax fiber is rough in appearance. You will get different fabric designs and fabric textures in this natural fabric.
Linen Fabric Properties
- Linen is a moth resistant fabric
- It repels dirt and dust.
- Linen fabric has the tendency to absorb as well as lose water quickly. This makes it perfect to be used in clothing.
- Linen fabric is a good conductor of heat.
- It is 2-3 times stronger than cotton
- Linen fabric has the natural luster
- Linen fabric is prone to wrinkles. So it needs regular ironing. It is better to iron the damp fabric for better result.
Process of Making Linen Fabric
- For the long fiber, the harvesting of flax plant is done by hand. For this either the entire flax plant is removed or cut close to the roots.
- Then the seeds are removed by winnowing or rippling.
- This is followed by the process of retting in which the fibers are loosened from the stalk. In this process the bacteria to decompose pectin is used. This causes the binding of fiber.
- After this scutching of the stalks is done to remove woody portion of stalks.
- Then with the process of heckling, small fibers are separated to just have the long linen fibers.
- Once the process of getting long linen fiber is done, then it is spun into yarns and weave to form linen fabric that is used in varied industries.