The plant required about 180-200 days of continuous warm weather with sufficient moisture and sunlight. The land must be thoroughly ploughed and the soil be pulverized.
The plant is protected from being overcrowded by weeds, and a number of methods are employed to achieve this. The weeding process can either be mechanical or done by hand. Developed countries employ different high technology machines and methods to produce the best quality cotton.
The raw cotton is made to pass various cleaning processes, before it is baled and unbaled at the cotton mill. Various by products of cotton are used in large number of industries besides textiles. Cotton yarns are often combined or mixed with other yarns for making fabrics used in textiles and home furnishings.